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在Delphi中使用由.NET开发的Web Service返回的DataSet类型

时间:2014-11-03 22:19来源:电脑教程学习网 www.etwiki.cn 编辑:admin

在微软中国找到了一个官方的说法------不建议将DataSet直接作为返回值传送,因为里面含有大量复杂的schema以及更改等信息,大部分非.NET语言在解析上有困难。建议使用DataSet.WriteXML方法将简化后的XML版本作为一个WideString回传。经过试验,已经在Delphi下轻松通过,Delphi中还需要使用XML Mapper工具事先生成Transfomation(XTR)文件。

Delphi7客户端代码
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
unit WSTestMain;

interface

uses
Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Variants, Classes, Graphics, Controls, Forms,
Dialogs, InvokeRegistry, StdCtrls, Rio, SOAPHTTPClient, Grids, DBGrids,
DB, DBClient, DBTables, Provider, xmldom, Xmlxform,XMLIntf,XMLDoc,SOAPConst;

type
TForm1 = class(TForm)
HTTPRIO1: THTTPRIO;
Button1: TButton;
Memo1: TMemo;
XMLTransformProvider1: TXMLTransformProvider;
ClientDataSet1: TClientDataSet;
DataSource1: TDataSource;
DBGrid1: TDBGrid;
procedure Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
private
{ Private declarations }
public
{ Public declarations }
end;

var
Form1: TForm1;

implementation

uses WSTestDefine;

{$R *.dfm}

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
var
A:Service1Soap;
B:WideString;
XMLDoc: IXMLDocument;
begin
A := HTTPRIO1 as Service1Soap;
B := A.GetPersonTable;
Memo1.Lines.Add( B );
ClientDataset1.Active := FALSE;
XMLDoc := NewXMLDocument;
XMLDoc.Encoding := SUTF8;
XMLDoc.LoadFromXML(B);
XMLTransformProvider1.TransformRead.SourceXmlDocument := XMLDoc.GetDOMDocument;
ClientDataset1.Active := TRUE;
end;

end.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
.NET WebService代码
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.Services;
using System.Data.OracleClient;
using System.IO;
namespace WS0622
{
/// <summary>
/// Service1 的摘要说明。
/// </summary>
public class Service1 : System.Web.Services.WebService
{
public Service1()
{
//CODEGEN: 该调用是 ASP.NET Web 服务设计器所必需的
InitializeComponent();
}

#region 组件设计器生成的代码

//Web 服务设计器所必需的
private IContainer components = null;

/// <summary>
/// 设计器支持所需的方法 - 不要使用代码编辑器修改
/// 此方法的内容。
/// </summary>
private void InitializeComponent()
{

}

/// <summary>
/// 清理所有正在使用的资源。
/// </summary>
protected override void Dispose( bool disposing )
{
if(disposing && components != null)
{
components.Dispose();
}
base.Dispose(disposing);
}

#endregion

// WEB 服务示例
// HelloWorld() 示例服务返回字符串 Hello World
// 若要生成,请取消注释下列行,然后保存并生成项目
// 若要测试此 Web 服务,请按 F5 键

[Serializable]
public class Person
{
public Person()
{
}

public Person(string name,string gender)
{
this.Name=name;
this.Gender=gender;
}

public string Name="";
public string Gender="";
}
[WebMethod(CacheDuration=60)]
public Person[] GetPersons()
{
Person Alice=new Person("Alice","Female");
Person Bob=new Person("Bob","Male");
Person Chris=new Person("Chris","Female");
Person Dennis=new Person("Dennis","Male");

return new Person[]{Alice,Bob,Chris,Dennis};
}

[WebMethod]
public string GetPersonTable()
{
DataTable table=new DataTable("Person");
table.Columns.Add("Name");
table.Columns.Add("Gender");
table.Rows.Add(new string[2]{"Alice","Female"});
table.Rows.Add(new string[2]{"Bob","Male"});
table.Rows.Add(new string[2]{"Chris","Female"});
table.Rows.Add(new string[2]{"Dennis","Male"});
table.Rows.Add(new string[2]{"Eric","Male"});

DataSet dataset=new DataSet("PersonTable");
dataset.Tables.Add(table);

System.Text.StringBuilder strbuilder=new System.Text.StringBuilder();
StringWriter writer=new StringWriter(strbuilder);

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